Identification of the Diversity of Indigenous Arbuscular Mycorriza Fungi in the Rhizosphere of Coffee (Coffea Sp) Arabica Solok Radjo West Sumatera


Armansyah Armansyah
Eti Farda Husin
Indra Dwipa
Faly Sandika
Reski Marbeni Putra


Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi are a group of fungi that can be symbiotic with many types of plants. Soil factors and plant species, affect the diversity of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. Likewise, differences in location and rhizosphere cause differences in the diversity of species and populations of AMF. In addition, not all AMF have the same morphological and physiological characteristics, therefore it is very important to know their identity. Coffee is a plant that has economic value and the potential for symbiosis with AMF. This study aimed to identify AMF in the rhizosphere of four varieties of Solok Radjo coffee plants in the Aia Cold area of ​​the Gumanti Valley, Solok, West Sumatra. Meanwhile, the stages of this research include: collecting and collecting data in the field, determining the location of the soil sample, analyzing soil properties in the laboratory, isolating AMF spores, and identifying AMF spores morphologically. The results showed that the diversity of AMF spores was found in 3 genera, namely Glomus sp., Acaulospora sp., and Gigaspora sp. The Kartika coffee variety has a higher AMF spore population than Sigararutang, Andongsari and Gayo.


Author Biographies

Armansyah Armansyah, Andalas University

Agrotechnology, Faculty of Agriculture

Eti Farda Husin, Andalas University

Agrotechnology, Faculty of Agriculture

Indra Dwipa, Andalas University

Agrotechnology, Faculty of Agriculture

Faly Sandika, Andalas University

Agrotechnology, Faculty of Agriculture

Reski Marbeni Putra, Andalas University

Agrotechnology, Faculty of Agriculture

How to Cite
Armansyah, A., Husin, E. F. ., Dwipa, I. ., Sandika, F. ., & Putra, R. . M. . (2022). Identification of the Diversity of Indigenous Arbuscular Mycorriza Fungi in the Rhizosphere of Coffee (Coffea Sp) Arabica Solok Radjo West Sumatera . Journal of Applied Agricultural Science and Technology, 6(2), 90-97.


  1. Anwar, A., Syarif, A., & Febriamansyah, R. (2018). Eksploration and Identifications of the Indigenous Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi (AMF) in the Rhizosphere of Citronella (Andropogon nardus L.) in the Dry Lands Regions in West Sumatra Province, Indonesia. Journal on Advanced Science Engineering Information Technology, 8(1), 85-92.
  2. Bagyaraj, D. J., & Ashwin, R. (2017). Can mycorrhizal fungi influence plant diversity and production in an ecosystem. Microbes for restoration of degraded ecosystems. NIPA, New Delhi, 1-7.
  3. Balestrini, R., Lumini, E., Borriello, R., Bianciotto, V., (2015). Plant-soil biota interactions. In: Paul, E.A. (Ed.), Soil Microbiology, Ecology and Biochemistry, 4th edn. Academic Press, Elsevier, London/San Diego/Oxford.
  4. Brundrett, L. Tedersoo, (2018). Evolutionary history of mycorrhizal symbioses and global host plant diversity. New Phytol. 220, 1108–1115.; pmid: 29355963.
  5. Cesco S., T. Mimmo, G. Tonon, N. Tomasi, R. Pinton, R. Terzano, G. Neumann, L. Weisskopf, G. Renella, L. Landi & P. Nannipieri (2012). Plant-borne flavonoids released into the rhizosphere: impact on soil bio-activities related to plant nutrition. A review. Biology and Fertility of Soils, 48, 123–149.
  6. Dandan, Z. & Zhiwei, Z. (2007). Biodiversity of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi in the Hot-Dry Valley of the Jinsha River, Southwest China. Applied Soil Ecology. 37, 118-128.
  7. Davison, J., Moora, M., Öpik, M., Adholeya, A., Ainsaar, L., Bâ, A., & Zobel, M. (2015). Global assessment of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus diversity reveals very low endemism. Science. 349, 970-973. 10.1126/science.aab1161
  8. Hartoyo, B., M. Ghulamahdi, L. K. Darusman, S. A. Aziz, & I. Mansur.(2011). Keanekaragaman Fungi Mikoriza Arbuskula (FMA) pada Rizosfer Tanaman Pegagan (Centella asiatica L) Urban. Jurnal Littri, 17 (1), 32-40.
  9. Hazard, C., Gosling, P., Van Der Gast, C. J., Mitchell, D. T., Doohan, F. M., & Bending, G. D. (2013). The role of local environment and geographical distance in determining community composition of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi at the landscape scale. ISME Journal, 7(3), 498–508.
  10. Horn S, Hempel S, Verbruggen E, Rillig MC, Caruso T. (2017). Linking the community structure of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and plants: a story of interdependence. ISME Journal 11(6), 1400–1411.
  11. Invam. (2020). International Culture Collection of (Vesicular) Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi. Retrieved from
  12. Johnson, N. C., Wilson, G. W., Wilson, J. A., Miller, R. M., & Bowker, M. A.(2015). Mycorrhizal phenotypes and the Law of the Minimum. New Phythol., 205(4), 1473-1484.
  13. Kementerian Pekerjaan Umum.(2013). Perencanaan bangunan dan lingkungan kawasan lahan panjang, kabupaten Solok, Sumatera Barat. 254 halaman
  14. Lange, M., Eisenhauer, N., Sierra, C. A., Bessler, H., Engels, C., Griffiths, R. I., ... & Gleixner, G. (2015). Plant diversity increases soil microbial activity and soil carbon storage. Nature Communications, 6, 1–8.
  15. Lee, E. H., Eo, J. K., Ka, K. H., & Eom, A. H. (2013). Diversity of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi and Their Roles in Ecosystems. Mycobiology, 41(3), 121–125.
  16. Luginbuehl, L. H. & Oldroyd, G. E. (2017). Understanding the arbuscule at the heart of endomycorrhizal symbioses in plants. Curr. Biol. 27(17), R952–R963.
  17. Marín, C., Aguilera, P., Oehl, F., & Godoy, R. (2017). Factors affecting arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi of Chilean temperate rainforests. Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, 17(4), 966–984.
  18. Montiel-Rozas, M. D. M., López-García, Á., Kjøller, R., Madejón, E., & Rosendahl, S. (2016). Organic amendments increase phylogenetic diversity of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in acid soil contaminated by trace elements. Mycorrhiza, 26(6), 575-585.
  19. Neumann, G., Bott, S., Ohler, M. A., Mock, H.-P., Lippmann, R., Grosch, R., & Smalla, K. (2014). Root exudation and root development of lettuce (Lactuca sativa L. cv. Tizian) as affected by different soils. Frontiers in Microbiology, 5, 2.
  20. Rich, M. K., Nouri, E., Courty, P. E., & Reinhardt, D. (2017). Diet of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi: bread and butter? Trends Plant Sci. 22(8), 652–660.
  21. Selosse, M. A., Strullu-Derrien, C., Martin, F. M., Kamoun, S., & Kenrick, P. (2015). Plants, Fungi and Oomycetes: a 400-Million Years Affair that Shapes the Biosphere. New Phytol. 206, 501–506.
  22. Susila, E., Chan, S. R. O. S., Achmad, B. S., & Maulina, F. (2022). Exploration and morphology identification of spores asbuscular mycorrhizal fungi from horticultural plantation. Journal of Applied Agricultural Science and Technology 6 (1), 20-30.
  23. Tedersoo, L., Bahram, M., & Zobel, M. (2020). How mycorrhizal associations drive plant population and community biology. Science, 367(6480), eaba1223.
  24. Trejo A, D., Lara C, L., Maldonado M I. E., Zulueta R, R., Sangabriel C, W., Mancera L, M. E., & Barois, I. (2013). Loss of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal diversity in trap cultures during long-term subculturing. IMA Fungus, 4(2), 161–167.
  25. Van der Heijden, M. G., Martin, F. M., Selosse, M. A., & Sanders, I. R., (2015). Mycorrhizal ecology and evolution: the past the present, and the future. New Phytol, 205(4), 1406–1423.
  26. Van der Heijden, M. G., & Walder, F. (2016). Reply to ‘Misconceptions on the application of biological market theory to the mycorrhizal symbiosis’. Nature Plants, 2(5), 1-1.
  27. Wagg, C., Jansa, J., Stadler, M., Schmid, B., & Van Der Heijden, M. G. (2011). Mycorrhizal fungal identity and diversity relaxes plant–plant competition. Ecology, 92(6), 1303–1313.