Characterization of Palm Shell-Derived Bio-Oil Through Pyrolysis


Leila Utarina
Rusdianasari Rusdianasari
Leila Kalsum


Lignocellulosic biomass is a renewable resource used to produce energy, fuels, and chemicals. This study aimed to determine the effect of pyrolysis temperature on product yield and product characterization of bio-oil. In this study, palm shells were selected and prepared as raw materials for bio-oil production. Palm shells were first soaked in 10% HCl and then pyrolyzed at temperatures of 300 oC, 350 oC, 400 oC, and 450 oC in a fixed bed reactor. Afterward, the reactor will emit smoke which later will condense into bio-oil. The experimental results show that a temperature of 450 oC will be a better choice for higher bio-oil yields (44.59%). The characteristics of the bio-oil obtained are density (905 – 1015.17 kg/m3), Kinematic Viscosity (1.21 – 1.5 mm2/s), and flash point (60 – 68.7 oC).


Author Biographies

Leila Utarina, Politeknik Negeri Sriwijaya

Department of Renewable Energy Engineering

Rusdianasari Rusdianasari, Politeknik Negeri Sriwijaya

Department of Renewable Energy Engineering

Leila Kalsum, Politeknik Negeri Sriwijaya

Department of Renewable Energy Engineering

How to Cite
Utarina, L., Rusdianasari, R., & Kalsum, L. (2022). Characterization of Palm Shell-Derived Bio-Oil Through Pyrolysis. Journal of Applied Agricultural Science and Technology, 6(2), 139-148.


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